Versatility Explained Through Throwback Kanye

Almost as soon as I finished my first Practice Deck for Jazz Bass, I wanted to switch gears to writing a general guide to “versatile practice.” Before I do that, I need to first define versatility through an unlikely source – throwback Kanye West music videos.

Recently, I was talking with my mom about the contrast between my dad’s working-class Chicago roots and his Ivory Tower achievements. The former, we decided, is all about loyalty (maintaining connection to your original peer group), while the latter is all about royalty (achieving elite status by acquiring more competency than your peers). The problem with loyalty is that you tend to get stuck, which leads to financial insecurity. With royalty, you tend to become socially isolated, which leads to personal insecurity.

As I started drafting an outline for a book on versatile practice, I realized that versatility was the happy medium between the two. By practicing establishing connection (to both old and new peers) and developing competency (in various domains), you develop financial and personal security.

Below, I’ll illustrate the differences between loyalty, royalty, and versatility by dividing West’s early to mid-career into five stages.

Part I: Royalty and Loyalty (“Through the Wire”)

West recorded “Through the Wire” weeks after a near-fatal car accident while his jaw was still wired shut (I joke that it makes his Chicago accent even more pronounced). Facing death made him a more competent artist, because he was more fearless and authentic, which in turn propelled him to royalty (culminating with his initiation into the Roc-A-Fella label). On the other hand, the video emphasizes that he couldn’t have survived his accident without personal connections (to his neighborhood, mother, girlfriend, and icons like Chaka Khan) based in loyalty.

Part II: Fragile Versatility (“Slow Jamz” and “All Falls Down”)

“Slow Jamz” represents an almost perfect balance of competency (West showcasing his ability to sample “slow jamz” and create witty verses) and connection (West collaborating with Jamie Foxx and fellow Chicagoan Twista) that characterizes versatility and security. Toward the middle of the song, West recognizes the limitations of his competency and outsources work to a more qualified Twista – a process Tribal Leadership describes as “triading.”

“All Falls Down” represents the fragility of versatility and the unfortunate fact that society encourages financial insecurity among Black people and other marginalized groups by promoting mindless consumerism. Even the album, The College Dropout (2004), refers to a more personal form of insecurity. West’s mother, an academician, disapproved of his choice to drop out of college and pursue a career as a musical artist.

Part III: Another Path to Competency (“Good Life”)

“Good Life,” off West’s follow-up album Graduation (2007), is a reference to a quote from West’s mother, who said “It was drummed into my head that college is the ticket to a good life… some career goals don’t require college.” In other words, she acknowledged that there was more than one path to competency and financial security. The (visually stunning) video also demonstrates connection and personal security via West and T-Pain’s bromantic take on “Take on Me.”

That said, the song also shows signs of the mindless consumerism warned against in “All Falls Down.”

Part IV: Heartbreak of Royalty (“Welcome to Heartbreak” and “Heartless”)

“Welcome to Heartbreak,” off 808s & Heartbreak (2008) is the lyrical follow-up to “[Welcome to the] Good Life.” The album was a response to the death of West’s mother and the breakup of his long-term relationship. In the song, he grapples with how his relentless pursuit of success (i.e. royalty) has cost him all meaningful relationships (i.e. loyalty).

“Heartless” is the visual follow-up to “Good Life.” It shows how even the most luscious, creative world (the product of competency) can turn cold and dark without loving relationships (the product of connection).

Part V: (Partial) Return to Loyalty (“All of the Lights”)

While West’s career continues to be fraught with insecurity and controversy, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2010) offers a fitting resolution to his versatility Hero’s Quest because it shows the (partial) return of something previously lost – loyalty. “All of the Lights,” in particular, demonstrates connection through the storyline of about a flawed father trying to rescue his daughter from poverty, the mourning of Michael Jackson (an icon of royalty who was referenced or sampled in almost all of the previous songs), and the numerous guest artists (Rihanna, Kid Kudi, and many others listed at the end of the video). While it lacks the security of West’s “Slow Jamz” days, it represents wounded triumph over a trauma much greater than his car accident.

While Kanye West has been rightly criticized for a lot of his behavior, I have and will continue to defend him as an artist because his music provided my musician/artist right-brain a roadmap for navigating early adulthood long before my academic left-brain could make sense of it. As a prepare to reinvent myself as a Jazz(ish) Teaching Artist, I want to avoid the traps of musical loyalty (languishing in mediocrity and amateur status) and royalty (trying to gain acceptance in “the club” that will never have me). Instead, I now aim to practice and teach versatility – and finally have the connections and competency to do so. Stay tuned for the e-book guide to Versatile Practice.

Now Available: Practice Deck I for Jazz Bass

At long last, I’ve launched Practice Deck I for Jazz Bass (12-Bar C Blues): 52 Skill Cards for Building Effective Practice Routines, available now on Gumroad for $26! See below for cover and sample cards.

Practice Deck I for Jazz Bass helps you learn how to improvise basslines for the 12-Bar C Blues progression in small group jazz ensembles. Adapting principles of fitness training (isolate, sustain, and increase difficulty), the 52 skill cards empower you to create customized practice routines that are efficient, effective, and enjoyable!

Stay tuned for additional Practice Decks for Jazz Bass and other instruments!

In Search of (Healthy, Productive) Flow

After 15 years of failing to live up to others’ ideas of peak performance, I found my salvation in an unlikely place – hacking into my beautiful, dark, twisted mind.

Backing up – a few weeks ago I read an awesome book called Stealing Fire, which distilled the dilemma I’ve faced for over a decade:

Scientists have known about the relationship between flow and peak performance for more than a century, but a real understanding of this relationship has been slow in coming. The main problem was conflicting motivations. The people really good at finding flow, mostly artists and athletes, were rarely interested in studying it. And the people interested in studying flow, primarily academics, were rarely good at finding it.

My problem was that when I was studying music, I wasn’t especially good at finding flow, but I’d gotten enough of a taste of it to feel starved once I switched to academia. The past two years have been me (with increasingly levels of desperation) trying to find a middle path between the two.

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Smart Practice is Simple Practice


Note: This post was originally published on my other site, “Gig-Ready Jazz Bassist.”

Greetings! I’ve disappeared off the face of the internet for a bit, but hoping to be back soon (along with a shiny, new e-book). I’ve been busy writing, but I’ve also been getting serious about being minimalist – as well as applying this minimalism to my musical practice. For years, I’ve been preaching, “Practice smarter, not harder.” After struggling to come up with a concise definition, I’m sticking with the adage, “Smart practice is simple practice.”

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Spend Less Time Practicing, More Time Getting Your S**t Together

better-than-beforeIn Better Than Before, Gretchen Rubin describes foundation habits that are necessary to make other positive changes. Translated into jaded musician-speak, it’s getting your s**t together. The four habits are: enough sleep, exercising, decluttering, and good diet. On this site, I’ve blogged about my attempts to eat better, live simply, etc. Yet I’ve still had this lingering feeling of guilt that I’m focusing too much on these habits and not on the #1 habit for working musicians: practicing.

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